If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building. ForewordThe 1906 Great San Francisco earthquake (magnitude 7.8) and the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake (magnitude 6.9) each motivated residents of the San Francisco Bay region to build countermeasures to earthquakes into the fabric of the region. Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires. What should you do during an earthquake? Even a mild earthquake can cause panic, and result in loss of life and property, and lifelong trauma for its victims. If an earthquake occurs in your vicinity and you are inside the building, then follow the “Drop, down and hold” technique. This position protects you from falling but allows you to still move if necessary. What emergency supplies do I need for an earthquake? Why you shouldn't stand in a door jamb or go outside during an earthquake, Why you shouldn't stand in a door jamb or go outside during an earthquake, 1 weather alerts 1 closings/delays. 1) Severe earthquakes have occurred in the eastern U.S.: In November of 1755, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.0 and a maximum intensity of VIII occurred about 50 miles northeast of Boston, Massachusetts. The contents of your home may be damaged and can be dangerous: Shaking can make light fixtures fall, refrigerators and other large items move across the floor, and bookcases and television sets topple over. Catastrophic failure is unlikely, but dams can fail during major earthquakes. COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk. If an earthquake happens, protect yourself right away: If you are in a car, pull over and stop. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake. Remember “drop, cover, hold on.” Cover your head and if you’re nearby a sturdy object or like a piece of furniture, hold on until the shaking stops. Man standing in front of collapsed home in Pengzhou. If you are in a MOUNTAINOUS AREA -- watch out for falling rock, landslides, trees, and other debris that could be loosened by quakes. For life-threatening emergencies call triple-zero (000). Don’t shout, don’t hurry, … Protect your head and stay low to the ground until the shaking ends and it is safe to move. What to Do During an Earthquake Drop down to your knees. If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). Stay away from windows and outside doors. Expect aftershocks. You should definitely not panic. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside exterior walls. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. Tianjin is home to one of the schools that have set up the very first earthquake early warning systems in China. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Its results will be used as the basis of an emergency response and preparedness... Earthquakes are one of the most costly natural hazards faced by the Nation, posing a significant risk to 75 million Americans in 39 States. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. Ensure you do the following if you are indoors during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are outdoors during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are trapped under debris during or after an earthquake: Community Emergency Risk Assessment (CERA), If you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake. 2. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside … Wear sturdy shoes to protect your … Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires. We consulted FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) to find out what to do if you’re driving during an earthquake: 1. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. Do not exit a building during the shaking. 1. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. If you’re indoors during an earthquake, stay indoors. On the other hand, if you’re outdoors when an earthquake happens, stay outdoors. You must learn what to do urgently if you are inside the building, driving, outside, or traveling by public transport during an earthquake. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. Find out how you can save yourself and protect your family in case of an earthquake. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. Take cover under the furniture and hold it until the shaking of ground stops. During an Earthquake. The ShakeAlert earthquake early warning system will begin limited operations this year. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? Surviving a major earthquake involves making split-second decisions. With a press run of more than three million copies, "The Next Big Earthquake In The Bay Area May Come Sooner Than You Think-- Are You Prepared?" In that case, move to the nearest safe place. With millions at risk, why isn't full public alerting happening yet. If you are DRIVING -- stop, but carefully. PAGER - Rapid Assessment and Notification of an Earthquake's Impact; 2005; FS; 2005-3026; Earle, Paul S.; Wald, David J.; Lastowka, Lynda A. Make or purchase an earthquake safety kit. Avoid buildings, utility poles, and other objects which may fall during an earthquake and injure you. Do you know what to do during an earthquake? Take cover. If you're indoors, stay inside. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. During an earthquake. Do not use a doorway except if you know it is a strongly supported, load-bearing doorway and it is close to you. Step 3: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations. Last week's earthquake was a reminder for all of us about earthquake safety. Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on. Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards (ver. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave. Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. Drop under heavy furniture such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture. When the quake starts, drop to the floor as soon as you can (it’s easy to get thrown off your feet and injured if you try to run while the building is moving). After an earthquake. If you are in your car during an earthquake, do the following: Don't stop in the middle of the freeway if traffic is still moving around you. Stay there until the shaking … DROP down onto your hands and knees before the earthquake knocks you down. What should I NOT do during an earthquake? What should I do DURING an earthquake? Pull over to a shoulder as quickly as possible. Based on observations of an earthquake in Turkey, the idea doesn't apply to buildings constructed within the United States. STAY INSIDE your car until the shaking stops. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. If you live downstream from a dam, you should know flood-zone information and have prepared an evacuation plan. What To Do Before, During, and After an Earthquake Recent earthquakes remind us that we live on a restless planet. Step 1: What to Do Before an Earthquake? Don’t Freak Out--ShakeOut! Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People. Reston, VA – More Americans are at risk from being severely impacted by natural hazards now than any other time in our nation’s history. WEAR STURDY SHOES to avoid injury from broken glass and debris. If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what... PAGER (Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) is an automated alarm system being developed to rapidly and accurately assess the severity of damage caused by an earthquake and to provide emergency relief organizations, government agencies, and the media with an estimate of the societal impact from the potential catastrophe. So, how does the early warning system work? Boston was heavily damaged. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. DO NOT stop on or under a bridge or overpass or under trees, light posts, power lines, or signs. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. Unlike tornadoes or hurricanes, earthquakes don't come with warnings. Identify safe places in each room of your home. IDENTIFY: Look around your house for things that could fall or move. This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Stay calm! Also, try to avoid windows and outside doors. But what should you do during an earthquake to ensure your safety? The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. If you are OUTSIDE -- get into the OPEN, away from buildings, power lines, chimneys, and anything else that might fall on you. 1.2, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–A–H, 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. … How do I identify it? Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. Step 4: Minimize... Fire extinguisher Adequate supplies of medications that you or family members are taking Crescent and pipe wrenches to turn off gas and water supplies First-aid kit and handbook Flashlights with extra bulbs and batteries Portable radio with extra batteries Water for each family member for at least two weeks (allow at least 1 gallon per person per... DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. There are certain dos and don’ts that can help you during an earthquake. Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. Based on years of research about how people are injured or killed during earthquakes, and the experiences of U.S. and international search and rescue teams, these three actions are not recommended to protect yourself during earthquakes:. Dr. Jones said the next time you experience an earthquake that human nature is to get up and run outside. For earthquake emergency assistance from the SES call 132 500. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture. She also tells him the things he needs to do during an earthquake. What should I do DURING an earthquake? Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Panic always causes you to make mistakes and cause chaos by affecting those around you. The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data, Great Shakeout Earthquake Drills and Information. Do … Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (. ShakeOut GIF showing what to do in an earthquake if you are near a sturdy desk or table. Usually, when the earthquake starts, you should drop down on the floor and find shelter below a desk or similar sturdy and resilient piece of furniture. From evacuation and shelter to first aid, earthquake drills have become regular practice for students. An early earthquake photo shows a collapsed adobe home with the doorframe the only part left standing. Earthquakes? As you drop down to your hands and knees, look around for a safe place to find cover, such as a nearby table. While in a building during an earthquake, the best thing to do is follow the drop, cover, and hold procedure. If you're outside, stay outside. CGTN brings you … What are the Great ShakeOut earthquake drills? Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. Set your parking brake. What is the "Triangle of Life" and is it legitimate? If you are indoors: "DROP, COVER, HOLD ON" Stay inside. Candy explains to Dave what an earthquake is. ShakeOut GIF showing step five "minimize financial hardship" of the seven steps to earthquake safety. Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. However, an earthquake could occur any time of the day or night so it pays to be prepared if you are unfortunately caught in the middle of one. Here's what you should do the next time you find yourself in an earthquake. Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. Where Do You Hide During Earthquake? Move your car as far out of traffic as possible. But that’s the wrong thing to do. If you are in bed, turn face down and cover your head and neck with a pillow. What to Do During an Earthquake. What to do during an earthquake. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. Are You Safe When A Natural Hazard Strikes? Title: ShakeAlert: The Path to West Coast Earthquake Early Warning ... how a few seconds can save lives and property, House damage in central Oklahoma from the magnitude 5.6 earthquake on Nov. 6, 2011. What rescuers and experts DO NOT recommend you do during an earthquake. Dave and Candy watched a news about earthquake. It is best if there is something sturdy you can hold on to. If you are at home or at work in the earthquake. If you are on a quieter road, pull over to the side of the road and stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. You should stand against a wall near the center of the building or crawl under heavy furnitures like a desk or table. Many inside doorways are lightly constructed and do not offer protection. Menu. If you are indoors, stay indoors unless you are in the ground floor (first floor to Americans) where you can easily … If you are not able to get any furniture for cover, then place your hand on the head and sit do… Before an Earthquake It is important for individuals, families, The ShakeOut Scenario; 2008; OFR; 2008-1150; Jones, Lucile M.; Bernknopf, Richard; Cox, Dale; Goltz, James; Hudnut, Kenneth; Mileti, Dennis; Perry, Suzanne; Ponti, Daniel; Porter, Keith; Reichle, Michael; Seligson, Hope; Shoaf, Kimberley; Treiman, Jerry; Wein, Anne, Earthquake Hazards - A National Threat; 2006; FS; 2006-3016; USGS Science Helps Build Safer Communities; Geological Survey (U.S.), Putting down roots in earthquake country : your handbook for the San Francisco Bay region; 2005; GIP; 15; Geological Survey (U.S.). The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or... Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013, https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013. Man standing in front of collapsed homes in residential area in Dujiangyan. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. When you RESUME driving, watch for breaks in the pavement, fallen rocks, and bumps in the road at bridge approaches. What if you knew that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks? As soon as you feel the ground shaking beneath you, immediately drop to the ground, before the ground can drop you! Use a whistle if one is available. Much of the old conventional wisdom with what to do during an earthquake — like run outside or stand in a doorway — isn’t actually the safest thing to do. The study comprised eight counties: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura. While you may be thinking about what to do during an earthquake, you must first know that the earthquake itself doesn’t harm you. Protect yourself during earthquake shaking: Drop, Cover, and Hold On The best way to shelter in place is to drop, cover, and hold on. There are number of things you can do to stay safe during an earthquake. This way the earthquake cannot knock you … You should assume … This place should be away from windows and any furniture that could fall on you. Earthquake safe locations are the places you are going to take cover in when an earthquake strikes. In an earthquake, if you are on an upper story of a building, do not try to leave the building during the earthquake. Shout only as a last resort. Do not use the elevator. These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. Your earthquake safety plan will provide for you and your loved ones during the shaking and what happens after an earthquake. This is the initial publication of the results of a cooperative project to examine the implications of a major earthquake in southern California. The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. What can be done? There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. Bicycles crushed by falling unreinforced brick facade, Pacific Garden Mall. Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. Earthquakes are scary, come without a warning, and hold the potential to cause serious destruction. To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. Should you be indoors, first and foremost, take cover under a strong table or any other piece of furniture. During an earthquake. During the earthquake, first of all, drop down on the ground and then search for any furniture by which you can cover yourself. Learn How Science Can Help Reduce the Risk of Loss of Life and Property When Natural Hazards Occur, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, PubTalk 1/2018 — ShakeAlert: Path to West Coast EQ Early Warning, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground,  If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! DO NOT run outside or to other rooms during … Practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On with each member of your household. Why should people in the eastern United States be concerned about earthquakes? Los Angeles will have the nation's toughest earthquake safety rules, ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion. Please do not phone emergency services for general advice. Stay there until the shaking stops. But there are many important things we can do before, during, and after an earthquake to protect ourselves, our homes, and our families. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! From this came our belief that a doorway is the safest place to be during an earthquake. Ensure you do the following if you are outdoors during an earthquake: Stay there. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. Check your coverage – it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. If you are outdoors during an earthquake. When the ground starts to shake, what do you do?  Great ShakeOut 2019:  Drop, Cover, and Hold On! Alerts could save lives and properties but several challenges remain. Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. 1 weather alerts 1 closings/delays. In a new video interview, USGS earthquake scientist Dr. Lucy Jones explains that millions of Southern Californians will be preparing as if they do know, thanks to the Great Southern California ShakeOut. What can I expect in my house when an earthquake occurs? If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! Cover your head and neck with one hand while crawling over to that item. If you are outdoors during an earthquake, move to an area which is as open as possible. United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response; 2012; FS; 2012-3061; Lamb, Rynn; Jones, Brenda K. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards; 2011; FS; 2011-3008; Wood, Nathan. 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