Clinical | knowledge. Although this model might include something called ‘feedback’, it is clear that the senders are in control of the communication process. This article explains when and how to ask for a deadline extension at work and provides examples to help you make your own request. - If the extension is not working for you, please make sure it's up to date. Extension agent definition, an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. See more. Participatory approaches involve information-sharing and joint decision-making. Unlike four-year universities and colleges, and community colleges, extension programs aren’t completed for credit. A professional deadline extension request may help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in your role. some recognizable benefit within a reasonable period of time" (FAO, motivator through participation. Agricultural extension workers can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies. Early agroforestry extension work tended to focus on the production Biopsychology | extension forester under the following points: The primary role of the extension forester is to help people to The extension forester has the important role of initiating A professional deadline extension request may help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in your role. The role of the extension forester is to provide individual and Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. Methods | Job Description for an Extension Agent. Community health workers are widely used to provide care for a broad range of health issues. up with their own solutions to the problems that have been identified. message carriers) between researchers (senders) and farmers (receivers). Most of this communication has taken the form of verbal explanations and practical demonstrations, but some information took a more durable form as soon as systems of writing were developed. b. The extension worker should have good communication and teaching qualities to educate the farming community. mobilized and what additional assistance is available and may be 2) Lookup the complete definition of words or phrases using the toolbar dictionary. The transmission model of communication is closely related to the idea that extension workers are the link (i.e. It is often said that a problem well defined and stated sion (ĭk-stĕn′shən) n. 1. Figure 12.1 Extension is a process of education. Two particular issues help to define the type of extension: how communication take place, and why it take place. meetings. Furthermore it is a two-way educational process where local dealing with agroforestry. 4) One click access to Google search if the word/phrase is not found in dictionary. Educational | Early books on extension often describe a model of communication that involved the transmission of messages from ‘senders’ to ‘receivers’. Another word for extension. and derived knowledge, attitudes and skills to determine what is needed, Another program area extension agents provide is 4-H and Youth. Between 1845-51 the Irish potato crop was destroyed by fungal diseases and a severe famine occurred (see Great Irish Famine). Personality | people. At the present time, no single description has replaced the transmission model that is referred to above, but two ideas are becoming widely accepted: Although extension programmes have many different goals, most programmes fall into one of two basic categories: There is, of course, a close relationship between knowledge and behaviour; changes in the former often lead to a change in the latter. General objectives or functions of Extension are To assist people to discover and analyze their problems their felt and unfelt needs. of the organizer of visits to these projects. If farmers and other rural people direct the extension towards their own needs, then the purpose of extension is changing knowledge. (1998), TIP: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, https://psychology.wikia.org/wiki/Agricultural_extension_workers?oldid=62246, Pages needing enhanced psychological perspective, Communication in the context of participatory extension cannot usefully be described in a linear manner with distinct groups of senders and receivers. Extension can be described as a non-formal educational system aimed It is not the case that paternalistic systems are always persuasive, nor is it the case that participatory projects are necessarily educational. Throughout this period, farmers have continually adapted their technology, assessed the results, and shared what they have learned with other members of the community. The minister also leased equipment to farmers, built grain stores and supplied free food during times of famine. involved has gradually shifted from the emphasis on nurseries to more The term 'extension' has been used to cover widely differing communication systems. Agricultural extension officer should be equipped with modern and innovative knowledge so that they can transfer this knowledge to the farming community well on time. to mean "any program or activity that assists local people to be Job Description for an Extension Agent. If we regard Visit chrome://extensions/, click the "Update extensions now" button, then restart Chrome. sion (Ä­k-stĕn′shən) n. 1. Among academics working in this field, some have recently argued that agricultural extension needs to be reinvented as a professional practice [14]. Ministers announce extension of definition of key workers to access childcare . Find more ways to say extension, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Make Opportunities "Weak workers usually wait for great or extraor-dinary opportunities, while wise workers seize com-mon ones and make them great." The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. at improving the livelihood of people. extension as being strictly a process of education, then it can be New pages appear next to the Details tab. To disseminate information. Extension agencies, services, and workers will need to exercise a more proactive and participatory role and serve as knowledge/information "brokers", initiating and facilitating mutually meaningful and equitable perceive them. Professional items | As farm forestry (or agroforestry) is an integral part of rural More recently, extension policy of the Government departments The birth of the modern extension service has been attributed to events that took place in Ireland in the middle of the 19th Century [12]. It is important to stress that extension is basically a process of As residents of the communities in which they work, local extension agents … There is no widely accepted definition of agricultural extension. An Alabama Cooperative Extension System agronomist, regional agent and crop consultant demonstrate the merits of a new peanut harvesting technique to farmers in East Alabama. If the extension worker responds only to the desires of people, he cannot be truly professional, for professionalism implies a definition of needs by the practitioner according to a set of stan- dards. Figure 12.2 One of the extension worker's roles is to arrange extension synonyms, extension pronunciation, extension translation, English dictionary definition of extension. THE EXTENSION WORKER’S CODE 3 to the extension service, the college of agriculture, and the United States Department of Agriculture. The act of straightening or extending a limb. Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education.The field of 'extension' now encompasses a wider range of communication and learning activities organized for rural people by educators from different disciplines, including agriculture, agricultural marketing, health, and business studies. The Community Health Workers Section seeks to promote the community's voice within the health care system through development of the role of Community Health Workers (including Promotores de Salud, Community Health Representatives, Community Health Advisors, and related titles) and provides a forum to share resources and strategies. A Definition of Curriculum in Cooperative Extension A curriculum is more than simply subject matter organized into learning experiences. meetings. The major objectives of Extension may also be categorized as follows. The term ‘university extension’ was first used by the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford in 1867 to describe teaching activities that extended the work of the institution beyond the campus. Agricultural Extension Meeting in Laos, 2006. Extension definition is - the action of extending : state of being extended. Other authors have used the term ‘top-down’ to describe these programmes. Agricultural extension officer should be equipped with modern and innovative knowledge so that they can transfer this knowledge to the farming community well on time. Define extension. See more. working relationships with the many other organizations which are Other authors have abandoned the idea of extension as a distinct concept, and prefer to think in terms of ‘knowledge systems’ in which farmers are seen as experts rather than adopters [15]. aspects from remaining static. n. 1. The role of the extension worker Early agroforestry extension work tended to focus on the production of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. The development of extension services in modern Asia has differed from country to country. It is, rather, a combined technical, Language | Chavangi and Zimmermann (1987) attempted to describe the role of the 3) Perform lookup for detailed definitions in online dictionary. Agricultural extension agencies in developing countries have received large amounts of support from international development organisations such as the World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) of the United Nations. The extension worker should have good communication and teaching qualities to educate the farming community. ... Found 158 sentences … how it can be done, what local co-operation and resources can be While it seems likely that participatory approaches will continue to spread in the next few years, it is impossible to predict the long-term future of extension. The role of the extension forester is to assemble and transmit of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. How to use extension in a sentence. The extension program is a cooperative effort of the federal government, state and local governments and the nation’s land-grant universities and colleges. For example, in approximately 800 BC, the minister responsible for agriculture under one of the Zhou dynasty emperors organized the teaching of crop rotation and drainage to farmers. agricultural extension worker in English translation and definition "agricultural extension worker", Dictionary English-English online. This means that the role of the extension forester should be that of a It is known, however, that Chinese officials were creating agricultural policies, documenting practical knowledge, and disseminating advice to farmers at least 2,000 years ago. natural, human, and institutional resources in the community can be Forestry extension has been used ----- With this extension, you can: 1) Double-click any word to view its definition in a small pop-up bubble. (2009) found that in regards to HIV/AIDS, “Community health workers as a community-based extension of health services are essential for antiretroviral treatment scale-up and comprehensive primary health care. Extension programmes based on this model has been described as ‘paternalistic’; in other words, the actors in the communication process have a parent/child or teacher/student relationship. Compared to 20 years ago, agricultural extension now receives considerably less support from donor agencies. Cooperative Publications The role of the extension forester is to make information NIFA’s key role CES is operated through the nation’s Land-Grant University System in partnership with the federal and participate actively in the different aspects of planning and Generally, agricultural extension can be defined as the “delivery of information inputs to farmers.” The role of extension services is invaluable in teaching farmers how to improve their productivity. by the World Philosophy | THE EXTENSION WORKER’S CODE 3 to the extension service, the college of agriculture, and the United States Department of Agriculture. In fact, extension worker or extension officer is the key component of agriculture sector after a farmer. What are Knowledge Workers? people to plant trees. questioned if that early work should be regarded as extension at all. "Agroforestry extension is not entirely a technical task of helping Social | The term extension was first used to describe adult education programmes in England in the second half of the 19th Century; these programmes helped to expand - or extend - the work of universities beyond the campus and into the neighbouring community. 2. support. Agroforestry Centre. Figure 12.3 Focus on the extension worker's role as a knowledge The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. The role of the extension forester is to develop satisfactory The development of participatory extension requires a re-examination of the communication process. Comparative | To install a service worker for your site, you need to register it, which you do in your page's JavaScript. Assessment | Instead there are four possible combinations, each of which represents a different extension paradigm, as follows:[17]. is a problem half solved. Paulo Freire has argued that the terms ‘extension’ and ‘participation’ are contradictory [18]. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. ... Found 158 sentences matching phrase "agricultural extension worker".Found in 20 ms. 3. a. The field of extension now encompasses a wider range of communication and learning activities organised for rural people by professionals from different disciplines, including agriculture, health, and business studies. See more. The act of straightening or extending a limb. As residents of the communities in which they work, local extension agents … They are represented by several professional organizations (such as APEN), networks (such as AGREN) and extension journals (such as Journal of Extension). implementation. The amount, degree, or range to which something extends or can extend: The wire has an extension of 50 feet. To add a page to the work item form, add a contribution to your extension manifest. Details of agricultural practices have been found in records from ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China going back more than 3,000 years. The extension program is a cooperative effort of the federal government, state and local governments and the nation’s land-grant universities and colleges. The position assumed by an extended limb. Communication processes within extension systems, How communication takes place in an extension system: paternalism versus participation, Why communication takes place: persuasion versus education. [11]. These various meetings are useful as a forum for creating mass projects which demonstrate the impact of rural afforestation. The role of the extension forester is, as noted earlier, to build Editors. 10/7/2016 12 13. The British Government arranged for ‘practical instructors’ to travel to rural areas and teach small farmer how to cultivate alternative crops. awareness and for assessing general opinion or reaction to issues The term was later adopted in the United States of America, while in Britain it was replaced with ‘advisory service’ in the 20th Century. Cooperative Extension System (CES) empowers farmers, ranchers, and communities of all sizes to meet the challenges they face, adapt to changing technology, improve nutrition and food safety, prepare for and respond to emergencies, and protect our environment. Make Opportunities "Weak … acting as a link between researchers and the practical needs of the To keep the research workers informed. In addition, Hermann et al. Roling, N. and Wagemakers, A. The extension forester has the important role of organizing The fourth generation is well established in some countries, while it has only just begun in other places. With the initiation of projects that demonstrate the impact of It is not known where or when the first extension activities took place. developed to bring about rural development through tree planting. Agricultural extension was once known as the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. b. Topics: Children and Young People Issues; Ministers Robin Swann and Peter Weir have unveiled details of plans to enhance provision for the extension of childcare across Northern Ireland. The role of the extension forester is to assist the people to come willingly involved in forestry activities from which they will derive This knowledge helps rural people make their own decisions regarding farming practices. There are philosophical reasons behind these disagreements. Define extension. Some experts believe that the term should be restricted to persuasive approaches, while others believe it should only be used for educational activities. As research is an important component of extension forestry, the tree-planting efforts. necessary to overcome particular obstacles" (Sim and Hilmi, 1987). Extension definition is - the action of extending : state of being extended. Cognitive | It must be noted that there is some disagreement about whether or not the concept and name of extension really encompasses all four paradigms. Farmers who have practised tree planting for a long time have considerable experience. In many countries, paternalistic extension is gradually being replaced by more participatory approaches, in which the knowledge and opinions of farmers is considered to be just as important as that of researchers or government officials. Rural Development's Cooperative Services Program promotes understanding and use of the cooperatives to market and distribute agricultural products. This approach to extension has been variously described as directive extension, social marketing and propaganda. Extension educators use modern technology to disseminate knowledge and tools but also rely on traditional human values and relationships to gain the attention and trust from the people they serve. By the end of the 19th century, the idea had spread to Denmark, Netherlands, Italy, and France. "Extension should be regarded as a process of integrating indigenous on what already works well, but also to prevent farm forestry in all its In other words, for extension agents to excel in service delivery opportunities must be given for training and retraining in the current trends and issues … Any particular extension system can be described both in terms of both how communication takes place and why it takes place. 2. Instead, extension activities take place within a, Although some actors in the knowledge system have more authority than others, communication usually involves a, systems of communication that aim to change the behaviour of rural people, systems of communication that aim to change the knowledge of rural people. Of course we must give people what they want some of the rural afforestation in an area, the extension forester assumes the role To develop leadership among people. 1989). education, not necessarily involving heavy subsidies or material 2. With this extension, you can: 1) Double-click any word to view its instant definition in a small pop-up bubble. Extension agents often work very closely with community development workers to break down local social and cultural barriers to change, and to encourage community action programmes. education and facilitation of the farmers' own activities. This is knowledge that evolves over time; there is no substitute for it, Date published: 04 June 2020. Extension agents often work very closely with community development workers to break down local social and cultural barriers to change, and to encourage community action programmes. They are represented by several professional organizations (such as APEN), networks (such as AGREN) and extension journals (such as Journal of Extension).. group encouragement and technical advice to farmers in their 1. This scheme attracted the attention of government officials in Germany, who organized their own system of traveling instructors. As part of this model, senders are usually people in authority, such as government planners, researchers, and extension staff, while receivers are usually farmers who are relatively poor and uneducated. Registering a service worker will cause the browser to start the service worker install step in the background. Most of these early activities were not, however, related to agriculture. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary psychological, sociological, institutional and political task" (Chavangi The terms ‘interactive’ and ‘bottom-up’ have been used to describe these approaches. and the extension forester will do well to make full use of this Developmental | existing knowledge, and to add his own knowledge. In the US, an extension agent is a university employee who develops and delivers educational programs to assist people in economic and community development, leadership, family issues, agriculture and environment. An e-publication Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. See more. Extension agent definition, an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. 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