But remember, correlation doesn't equal causation. Lukaski H.C., Bolonchuk W.W., Siders W.A. Because muscular tissue takes up less space in the body than fat tissue, body composition, as well as weight, determines leanness. Body composition can be considered important in sports where you have an advantage of being tall (e.g. Mesomorphs: Lusseveld E.M., Peters E.T.J. But even if that were the case, it’s not cause and effect. Body composition may be an important metric in some circumstances (perhaps with players who are de-trained because of injury or a long layoff or those that do have a greater predisposition to carry more fat than others), but there are many ways that physique can be affected. I mean, would you classify Novak Djokovic as a mesomorph? And adapt they have. Kaminsky L.A. & Whaley M.H., 1993.Differences in estimates of percent body fat using bioelectrical impedance. Blackwell Scientific Publ., Oxford. & Skinner R.K., 1983. Sixty-one players, aged 10.4-13.2 years (11.8 ± 0.8) were measured for standing and sitting heights, body mass, skinfolds, grip s … Abstract. You always have to be on the lookout and ready Body composition assessment of paddle and tennis adult male players Alejandro Martinez-Rodriguez, Enrique Roche Collado and Néstor Vicente-Salar Biochemistry and Cell Therapy Unit, Institute of Bioengineering. Less muscle mass, thin arms and torso and obviously, a fast metabolism. basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). Tsonga and Verdasco would actually be classified as ‘overweight’. Do you think it would be wise to train Sasha Zverev to become a true ‘mesomorph’? They used BMI (body mass index) and RPI (reciprocal ponderal index) measurements - the former being a measure of a person’s weight status (under, over or normal) while the latter is essentially a measure of their ‘leanness’. A calorie deficit greater than 10% of energy expenditure was observed in 32% of the sample. Spain ISSN 1988-5202 / DOI: 10.4100/jhse An International Electronic Journal Volume 5 Number 2 May 2010 Research Article BODY COMPOSITION AND FITNESS IN ELITE SPANISH CHILDREN TENNIS PLAYERS Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno1 , Germán Vicente-Rodriguez2, José María González-Ravé3, Luis Antonio Moreno2, Juan Pablo Rey-López2. You see, there are some individuals that can fluctuate more than others. Define body composition and describe different methods of assessing it. And overall, both male and female players have some characteristic mesomorph features. Am. J. Anthropol. The aims of this study were to describe body composition and physical fitness changes during a whole-season in elite children tennis players. Subjects increased lean and bone percentage, and decreased abdominal fat and total body fat percentage (all p<0.05). Physical Performance, Body Composition and Body Balance in Relation to National Ranking Positions in Young Polish Tennis Players Mateusz Karnia1(D,E,F), Tomasz Garsztka2(B), Mateusz Rynkiewicz3(B,E,F), Tadeusz Rynkiewicz3(D,E), Piotr Żurek3(B,E,F), Marcin Łuszczyk1(C), Ewelina Śledziewska1(D), Ewa Ziemann4(A,B,C,D,E,F,G) 1 Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport In terms of somatotype’s impact on performance and ranking - there were no differences amongst male players (i.e. When in peak physical shape, she has high amounts of lean mass, relatively low body fat and is definitely an explosive, power type of athlete. J. volume 12, pages11–20(1997)Cite this article. Siri W.E., 1961. The authors believe that these anthropometric factors may be associated with a better ability to hit and move with ‘power’. Aerobic power, body composition, strength, flexibility and serum lipid concentrations were measured in 28 elite senior male tennis players who had participated in tennis for an average of 20.6 years and 18 moderately active age matched controls to determine the health and fitness benefit of long term tennis participation. Fitness 32:303–313. Results varied considerably, in relation to the various equations or different techniques employed. Fitness, 30:434–440. Generally speaking a tennis player should have powerful and well-developed legs, a strong core and a lean upper-body because powerful and well-developed legs allow for a solid base of support and a lowered center of gravity, which improves the athlete’s dynamic stability, agility, kinetic chain efficiency as well as accuracy and power during stroke production. Dorado Garcia C., Chavarren Cabrero J., Sanchis Moysi J., Calbet J.A.L. That means that he’s now likely more on the ecto-meso side of the equation. All tested tennis players revealed excellent aerobic capacity associated with poor indices of anaerobic fitness. Body fat composition was Most tennis players in both groups presented an similar to that from another Brazilian study, although appropriate BMI and optimal fat percentage for the age range and method of data collection adolescents and were within the recommended range (skinfolds) were different (11–14 year group for young athletes. Jansen D.F., Korbijn C.M., & Deurenberg P., 1992.Variability of body density and body impedance at different frequencies. Below is a list of popular and not so popular body composition tests that are used in a variety of settings, from simple tests for use at home and in fitness gyms to professional practices and research institutions. It was observed that ‘winners’ had higher BMIs compared to ‘losers’ and the study conclusion was essentially this - higher muscularity is linked to greater success in male professional players. The position in the tennis federations rankings correlated to VO2max but not with maximal power or maximal work output assessed by Wingate test. 2. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of age and maturity on anthropometric and various fitness characteristics in young competitive female tennis players. While in general populations, an increase in BMI is usually an indication of gaining adipose (fat), in athletic populations (and pro athletes especially), it’s an indicator of increases in muscle mass. Iran [ Mandana Gholami ] - Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department … Metab., 37: 44–51. Bioelectrical impedances at 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 kHz were determined. What they found was that BMI increased non-linearly over the specified time period, indicating that players increased their weight, relative to their height. J. Clin. No fluff or spam - just a weekly post and the latest promos. University Miguel Hernandez. J. Hum. Mesomorphs: Medium sized bone structure; athletic build; if active, high levels of lean muscle mass; many explosive athletes fall into this category; testosterone and growth hormone (GH) dominant (allows them to maintain muscle easier than other body types). Body composition is known to be associated with several diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. On this list there are some surprising sports ranked high, though there is no doubt that body composition is one of the most important factors for jockeys and divers. Ann. & Wang J., 1991.Estimation of extracellular and total body water by multiple-frequency bioelectrical-impedance measurement. Interestingly, here’s what did: both body weight and BMI were significantly correlated with serve speed. Before we look at body types in tennis, here are some defining characteristics of the 3 main somatotypes: Ectomorphs: Thinner individuals; smaller bone structure; shorter limbs; lower propensity of gaining muscle mass; faster metabolisms; higher tolerance to carbohydrates. These interpretations, thus, should be taken with a grain of salt. Biol., 6:195–202. Sports Med. Physical Performance, Body Composition and Body Balance in Relation to National Ranking Positions in Young Polish Tennis Players Mateusz Karnia1(D,E,F), Tomasz Garsztka2(B), Mateusz Rynkiewicz3(B,E,F), Tadeusz Rynkiewicz3(D,E), Piotr Żurek3(B,E,F), Marcin Łuszczyk1(C), Ewelina Śledziewska1(D), Ewa Ziemann4(A,B,C,D,E,F,G) 1 Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport When it comes to research on this subject - particularly when looking at the pro tour - it’s definitely scarce. Components of Fitness in Tennis Ryan Ng George Arsenis Clinton Lui Reaction Time Body composition is important in tennis and the ball may go anywhere on the court and you have to be ready to spring around the court to hit the ball. Endo-mesomorphs, on the other hand, can be quite muscular and fit when training, but tend to store fat easier when not training. Nutr., 54:26–29. NRC, Washington. Fitness. This is called somatotyping. Nutr., 32:77–97. On this list there are some surprising sports ranked high, though there is no doubt that body composition is one of the most important factors for jockeys and divers. If you have a biological predisposition to a certain body type, it’s likely that (in most cases anyway), you’ll do best with that body type. So here’s the question; should we try altering our body types or not? Yes, it’s true that on average, players are carrying more muscle. What we also see are mixes. The aims of this study were to describe body composition and physical fitness changes during a wholeseason in elite children tennis players. There are more precise ways to measure and classify body types (rather than simply looking at photos). It’s also important to consider a player’s gamestyle and how they naturally move around the court, along with how they strike the ball. However, few studies have been published addressing this topic. This sample is characterized by a greater body mass — fat mass, above all-than other Italian sport participants. Either way, we do see that female players are generally a mix of endo and meso - this is largely genetic given that women carry more adipose compared to men. Abstract. Jenkins K.A., Heyward V.H., Cook K.L., Hicks V.L., Quatrochi J.A., Wilson W.L. Techniques for measuring body composition, pp. If you’re an endomorph, you’ll probably want to favor training (and nutritional intake) to sway the scale towards being an endo-meso (or even meso-endo). She’s carrying slightly more weight, especially in the mid and gluteal sections. That doesn’t mean he’s not in the gym (his trainer Jez Green does a great job of applying science-backed methods to Sasha’s training regime...which includes heavy strength training; vid below). Furthermore, the results demonstrated a disparity between the somatotype profiles. This has probably been a result of both his training and his diet. That said, he’s been successful on the court with both body types, so probably ok for him to fluctuate a little. The three components of body build are the type, size and composition. However, measuring body composition can help female athletes achieve a healthy body weight that reduces risk of osteoporosis and irregular menses, but allows optimum performance and reduces the risk of coronary heart disease … Am. After being divided into two groups (age 10–13 years and age 14–18), the players had their weight, height, and sexual maturation assessed. Others (Rafa, Tsonga, Verdasco to name a few) have higher BMIs - 24.7, 26.3 and 25.4 respectively. So 2 things come to mind here - 1) drastic changes likely aren’t best AND 2) in most cases, you probably don’t need to think too much about physique, but rather on training the right way for you (and your game) and eating in a way that supports energy, nutrition and recovery needs. Aerobic power, body composition, strength, flexibility and serum lipid concentrations were measured in 28 elite senior male tennis players who had participated in tennis for an average of 20.6 years and 18 moderately active age matched controls to determine the health and fitness benefit of long term tennis participation. After being divided into two groups (age 10–13 years and age 14–18), the players had their weight, height, and sexual maturation assessed. & Ducrot H., 1975. All tested tennis players revealed excellent aerobic capacity associated with poor indices of anaerobic fitness. You probably want to train Sasha Zverev to become more ecto-meso, she would have even been strictly a... Provides objective data that is fat mass, a coach may single out individual. Or spam - just a weekly post and the latest promos & what affects?!, 2016 at 5:04am PST of assessing it study is body composition in tennis assess body composition is also evident in this.! 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