But is it necessary to be exact about popes of whom we know so little? The Popes, in chronological order. He named the bishops who had succeeded the Apostles, in the process providing us with the earliest surviving list of the popes – Linus, Anacletus, Clement, Evaristus, Alexander, Sixtus, and so on down to Irenaeus’ contemporary and friend Eleutherius, Bishop of Rome from AD 174 to 189.1 My reply: There are really two questions here: (1) Whether the list corresponds to real historical figures at all; (2) Whether these can rightly be called Popes. All popes are considered symbolic descendants of Peter and are thought to hold Peter's Chair Since then, there have been more than 260 occupants of the papal office. The institution has endured through the defining moments of European history, including the split of the Roman Empire, the bloodbath of the crusades and the rise of the Italian Renaissance. Saint Irenaeus, (born c. 120, /140, Asia Minor—died c. 200, /203, probably Lyon; Western feast day June 28; Eastern feast day August 23), bishop of Lugdunum (Lyon) and leading Christian theologian of the 2nd century. He was condemned, and then beheaded on 24 March 304. The list of popes is identical with that of Irenaeus, save that Anacletus is doubled into Cletus and Anacletus, while Clement appears before, instead of after, these two names. That is all we can say with assurance about primitive pontifical chronology." In the Liberian Catalogue his name is given as Aristus. LIST OF POPES AND EMPERORS . And Irenaeus' document is the oldest one claiming a list of Roman leaders. Give me the scoop on Eleutherius. Mary Ann Donovan writes (The Anchor Bible Dictionary, v. 3, p. 457): Irenaeus' major extant writing is the Adversus Haereses (the full title of which is the Refutation and Overthrow of Knowledge falsely so-called). There is every reason to regard these differences as due to the errors of copyists. The list of popes is identical with that of Irenaeus, save that Anacletus is doubled into Cletus and Anacletus, while Clement appears before, instead of after, these two names. Eusebius also cites 1 Peter 5:13 as proof … Another earlier list is found in Bishop Eusebius' History of the Church written in the early 4 th century in which Eusebius records a list of the first twelve Popes / Bishops of Rome from a list composed by St. Irenaeus in the 2 nd century AD. Well, as I’m currently working my way through Irenaeus’ Against Heresies, low and behold here is where that list is most clearly articulated. The popes list with Eleutherius as 13th pope in it seems to match those emperors lists which have Lucius Verus after Marcus Aurelius rather than those lists which have Lucius Verus before Marcus Aurelius. The original Greek text is not preserved; only a complete Latin copy of the 3rd century or 4th, if not the 5th. And Mr. Chesterton was not a Catholic! ... (Zahn represents Marcellus as essentially orthodox and agreed with Irenaeus, but as seeking to gain a more simple and satisfactory conception of the truth from the Bible than the theology of the age presented. His masterpiece is “Against Heresies,” a five-volume refutation of gnosticism. 6. His exemplary case is the line of bishops in Rome, the popes, whose names he can list off in entirety. The order of Popes Pius and Anicetus has also been interchanged. Greek by birth, the meaning of his name - “freeman” - … The order of Popes Pius and Anicetus has also been interchanged. Pope Clement I (Latin: Clemens Romanus; Greek: Κλήμης Ῥώμης; died 99), also known as Saint Clement of Rome, is listed by Irenaeus and Tertullian as Bishop of Rome, holding office from 88 to his death in 99. There is every reason to regard; these differences as due to the errors of copyists. Irenaeus also provides the first explicit witness to a four-fold gospel canon. List Of Popes Wikipedia | en.wikipedia.org. The list of popes is identical with that of Irenaeus, save that Anacletus is doubled into Cletus and Anacletus, while Clement appears before, instead of after, these two names. The pope (Latin: papa from Greek: πάππας pappas, "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (Pontifex Maximus), or the Roman pontiff (Romanus Pontifex), is the bishop of Rome, chief pastor of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state or sovereign of the Vatican City State. Eusebius, Church History V.6), Pius was the ninth successor of St. Peter. The oldest list of Roman bishops was provided by the father of the Church, Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyon, in his work Adversus Haereses, roughly between the years 180 and 185. Oct 25, 2016 - Pope Saint Evaristus Date of birth unknown; died about 107. St. Eleutherius was the last of the popes listed in St. Irenaeus’ Adversus haeresis (Against heresy), since it was he who appointed St. Irenaeus as bishop of Lyon, France. Irenaeus was probably a native of Smyrna, in modern day Turkey. We can accept the list of Irenaeus — Linus, Anacletus, Clement, Evaristus, Alexander, Xystus, Telesphorus, Hyginus, Pius, and Anicetus. Pope, the title, since about the 9th century, of the bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. They even have a list of popes [The List of Popes]. Though Anicetus is mentioned by Irenaeus (ca 180/195), and Jerome (393/396). There is every reason to regard; these differences as due to the errors of copyists. When asked about this a Catholic told me they got the list of ''early popes'' from Irenaeus, Jerome, Eusebius, and John Chrysostom. Anicetus reigned certainly in 154. The dates given in the Liberian Catalogue for his pontificate (146-61) rest on a false calculation of earlier chroniclers, and cannot be accepted. He was bishop during the reign of Diocletian. As a youth he testifies that he listened to the preaching of Bishop and Martyr Polycarp, who was himself a disciple of the Apostle John. In Book III, Chapter III.3, Irenaeus lists the popes in power up until his lifetime (this information is also published in the Annuaria Pontifico , a yearly publication of the Roman Catholic Church that details all officials in the Holy See. The list of popes is identical with that of Irenaius, save that Anacletus is doubled into Cletus and Anacletus, while Clement appears before, instead of after, these two names. This chronological list of popes corresponds to that given in the Annuario Pontificio under the heading "I Sommi Pontefici Romani excluding those that are explicitly indicated as antipopes. In 325 A.D., Eusebius of Caesarea, writes The History of the Church and quotes St. Irenaeus’ list (V, 6). [The makers of the popes list invertingly identified the martyred with the emperor they were martyred under, like they did with Peter & Nero (see chapter on the 1st pope).] There is no contemporary proof of existence of a … The order of Popes Pius and Anicetus has also been interchanged. Biography: St. Irenaeus of Lyons (130-202 A.D.). The order of Popes Pius and Anicetus has also been interchanged. Contents Introduction Early Christians and the Roman Empire The Middle Ages Renaissance and Reformation The Modern Era Pope Francis, who succeeded Benedict XVI after his surprise resignation in March 2013 is the 266th person to occupy the office said to have first been held by St. Peter, a humble fisherman who became a disciple of Christ and, eventually, the man Jesus described St. Irenaeus wrote many works, most of which have not survived into modern times. A significant number of these popes have been recognized as saints, including 48 out of the first 50 consecutive popes, and others are in the sainthood process. St. Irenaeus' list agrees with Pope Leo's list with the exception of Pope Anacletus [100-112 AD] whose name is missing from Irenaeus' 2 nd century list. Church written in the early 4th century in which Eusebius records a list of the first 12 Popes / Bishops of Rome from a list composed by St. Irenaeus in the 2nd century AD. Neander, Dogmengesch., i. He is considered to be the first Apostolic Father of the Church, one of the three chief ones together with Polycarp and Ignatius of Antioch. St. Irenaeus’ list agrees with Pope Leo’s list with the exception of Pope Anacletus [100-112AD] whose name is missing from Irenaeus’ 2nd century list. The first 33 popes were martyred. Now it should be noted that the first list is claimed to have been composed by Hegesippus around 155 … But it is more than the negative critique suggested by its title. The pope is regarded as the successor of St. Peter and has supreme power of jurisdiction over the Catholic church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in church discipline and government. The order of Popes Pius and Anicetus has also been interchanged. The list of popes is identical with that of Irenaeus, save that Anacletus is doubled into Cletus and Anacletus, while Clement appears before, instead of after, these two names. He refused to offer pagan sacrifices, even at the behest of his family. The first 31 popes, with the exception of Zephyrinus, died as martyrs (see List of murdered popes). According to the earliest list of the popes, given by Irenaeus (Against Heresies II.31; cf. AD 100-200. Saint Irenaeus of Sirmium (died 304 AD) was bishop of Sirmium in Pannonia, which is now Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia. 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