"That at the name of Jesus," etc. )The humiliation of ChristJ. All his offices were derided: His Priestly (Matthew 27:42); His prophetical (Luke 22:64); His Kingly (John 19:2-3). As a result of this exaltation all are subject to Jesus: "that at the name of Jesus every knee should The smallest things were not beneath His attention (John 13.). (4)As a man, He fulfilled the whole moral law. As soon as the Saviour had resolved to take upon Him the form of a servant, it followed that He should be "made in the likeness of men." (5) The extent of our obedience is a matter considerable. (3)The Spirit assisting the Son to offer Himself without spot.2. began to take sides with a great deal of acrimony. (2) "Himself." This obedience was the best part of His sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22; Matthew 26:39).3. Had Christ been made an angel it had been infinitely below Himself.2. How full of reverence to His name! λόγος we must say somewhat; ὀμοῦ, do it together, not some speak and others keep mute; εξ, speak out, not whisper. So the Eternal Word assumed human flesh and merited God's favour to us by a perfect obedience to the law, and satisfying Divine justice by pouring forth His blood in sacrifice for our sins. Willingly. The resurrection, ascension, etc., could add nothing. Justice was exacted of Jesus, and mercy was proffered to man. WHY, IN THE ECONOMY OF GOD WAS IT NEEDFUL THAT JESUS SHOULD SUBMIT TO DEATH?1. But though thus many tongues, one confession that "Jesus Christ is Lord. By the breaking of that covenant they lost all their ability for their service, and were left without strength (Romans 5:6). Accordingly this death did not fall on Him by surprise or chance. Our Lord's humiliation may be regarded in four stages.I. Of all the names a Christian can wear there is not one which places him so near his Master as this — a servant of God. Without a name what is exalting? God ever exalts for a cause. He became obedient to teach us passive and active obedience to God's will. God has entered into covenant with man in Christ to crown with a reward those works which Christ first wrought in Himself, and after wards by His grace should work through His members. That Scripture types might be fulfilled — Isaac, the offerings, the brazen serpent, etc.3. Of course a superstitious use has been made of this act; so there has of hearing sermons. Thus He answered the demand which the law had upon them for original holiness as a condition of life (Isaiah 9:6; Luke 1:35).2. Christ as man had within Himself the foundations of a true merit, and by His Divine personality communicated to His actions an infinite value.2. What in reason can be more powerful towards working penitential sorrow and religious fear, and stimulating true obedience?8. As our Saviour freely undertook a life of the greatest meanness and hardship, so we might be pleased to undergo such a death. Barrow, D. D.)The Cross the fountain of meritW. The depth of Christ's humiliation. (b) To us. Our body is to afford her part, and not the upper parts, the tongue in the head, but also the lower, the knee in the leg. Death was the objective end of His mission. The atoning value of the Cross lay in the removal of a hindrance: its meritoriousness acquired a positive gain. Obediently. ITS BEING IN APPEARANCE CRIMINAL, as in semblance being an execution of justice on Him. It was not simply glory for His body that He purchased, but exaltation and kingly power; a name above every name.2. that Jesus is a Lord to save (Matthew 14:30), and a Lord to serve (Acts 9:6). Speaking No! Ordinances, however precious, are humbling because the badge of a fallen state.2. The Nicene Creed states (2) Whither. (1) Your time is not your own. Paul's point all along is that Jesus set the ultimate example Actions claiming the highest regards of God are those which have an intrinsic perfectness, and which, when looked at on all sides, are in entire correspondence with the mind and will of God. They in heaven "cast down their crowns and fall down" and confess Him singing (Revelation 4:10); they under the earth are thrown down and made His footstool (Psalm 110:1); they on earth, as in the midst, partake of both. His humility. Vaughan, M. A.I. The value of the compensation.4. That He that hath the power of death might be destroyed (Hebrews 2:14).6. Not a natural death, nor a mere violent death, but a violent death having three embittering circumstances.1. This exaltation is —1. "It is appointed unto men once to die," and when death comes, he comes resistlessly. "Though He were a Son," etc. (3) That we must lean on some one, our God and our friend. How could this happy design be compassed in consistence with the glory, justice, and truth of God?3. Personal effort freely made lies at the root of all sacrifice. This obedience was the best part of His sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22; Matthew 26:39).3. But what seems yet more amazing, He was content to veil even that, in Himself, wherein, so to say, God is most God, the glory of the divinity, His holy being, whereby He hateth all iniquity. Here on earth it is otherwise. Unto humanity had been enough, to servitude were more. Real, not in appearance only.2. Lord's Supper That which is due may be cheerfully parted with as though it were a gift. ITS DEVELOPMENT.1. IMPROVEMENT.1. Fallen man is the most servile thing in God's universe — a bond slave of Satan, "Sold under sin" — the servant of uncleanness. Vaughan, M. Christ's actions in perfectness contrast with those of the creature. (2) Nor could He have become the Head of the Church. And when men are so high that they cannot get higher there is no way to exalt them but to dilate their names, which every noble generous spirit had rather have than any dignity. No, man must concur in the transaction: some amends must issue from him as the offending party. 9; Titus 1:2).V. God, though He have so exalted it, yet reckons it not exalted until we exalt it too. God ever exalts for a cause. With this name there is comfort in the name of God; without it none at all.3. The Cross was the ultimate limit of those labours which purchased a reward. It will incline us to submit cheerfully to God's will to remember that Christ learned obedience by the things He suffered.(L. ITS DEVELOPMENT.1. kind of politically correct "group think"? Christ was anointed that He might be Jesus — Saviour. ITS BEING IN APPEARANCE CRIMINAL, as in semblance being an execution of justice on Him. (1)As an antitype He fulfilled the whole law of sacrifice. God, though He have so exalted it, yet reckons it not exalted until we exalt it too. Pride is madness in the presence of Him who made Himself of no reputation. Forgive me. Answer. It grew with the growth of obligations.4. Mackay. (3) Let us praise Him exceedingly, and raise Him in our esteem above everything and every one else (1 Peter 2:7; 1 Corinthians 2:2; Philippians 3:8; Matthew 10:37). Death is the wages of sin. It was humiliation indeed for God to become man; much more, being man, to die.(J. The cross was an ignominious death, and Christ endured it amidst circumstances of aggravated ignominy, nakedness, and scorn. Vaughan, M. A.1. 9. God was pleased to prosecute it, as thereby no wise to impair but rather to advance His glory. Respect a body which has such fellowships; be tender to the corporeal wants of the members of the body of Christ.(J. (1)The Father giving the Son. See Jesus under the lash and on the cross the slave.5. It affords strong engagements to charity, to know that out of compassion for us Christ suffered.9. It should give us a humbling sense of our weakness and vileness to know that we needed such succour. We must have union with Christ for pardon and life (John 15:16; John 1:16; 2 Peter 1:4). As a subject of the state He pays the tribute at the same moment that He asserts His claim and privilege as the Son of God. Plato says that to approve a man righteous, he must be scourged, tortured, bound, have his eyes burnt out, and, at the close, having suffered all evils, must be impaled. Their falling under this curse inferred the loss of their liberty, and constituted them bondmen (Genesis 9:25; Joshua 9:23).3. He took the nature of all, and thus merited for all (Hebrews 2:14). The expressions which assert Christ's incarnation imply His Deity. The exemplification of the hardest duties of obedience and patience.III. All judgment, as Moses says, is God's, or is administered by authority derived from Him, magistrates being His officers. It was a most convenient touchstone to prove the genuine disposition and work of men, so as to discriminate those who can discern and love true goodness though so disfigured, and not be scandalized by the Cross.4. WHEREFORE HE ENGAGED in this service. They in heaven "cast down their crowns and fall down" and confess Him singing (Revelation 4:10); they under the earth are thrown down and made His footstool (Psalm 110:1); they on earth, as in the midst, partake of both. A. Our body is to afford her part, and not the upper parts, the tongue in the head, but also the lower, the knee in the leg. The nature of His kingdom was thereby signified. UPON WHAT GROUNDS CHRIST THUS HUMBLED HIMSELF TO DEATH.1. So our Lord, as His answer to Pilate testifies, received the human judgment as God's. He condescended to put His neck under the yoke of the law. (3) Our Lord's actions could have obtained no merit, whatever their perfection, had they resulted only from His natural powers. "No," said he, "my father told me to stay till he came back." He stood forth as the great representative man.2. The humiliation of the transcendent Almighty God to become a The entering into covenant and confirming by an oath were human types and shadows of the great covenant between God and man in Christ (Hebrews 7:21). But how? From death to life, from shame to glory, from the form of a servant to the dignity of a sovereign. The merit which appeals to goodness sets up no claim; that which rests on fidelity involves a promise; that which trusts to the justice of the rewarder implies a covenant. But the Son of God is the Law Maker. The expressions which assert Christ's incarnation imply His Deity. )Christ's obedience unto deathJ. (5) Let us be willing, if need be, to shed our blood for Him (Acts 20:24; Revelation 12:11; Hebrews 12:4). Who can doubt of God's goodness, despair of God's mercy, after this.3. We love obedience in a whole skin. In it the activities of endurance were taxed to the utmost limit. Unto humanity had been enough, to servitude were more. Either fall on our knees now, or be cast on our faces then; either confess Him with saints and angels, or with devils and damned spirits. ITS BEING IN APPEARANCE CRIMINAL, as in semblance being an execution of justice on Him. One may be humbled and not humble. "FOR THIS CAUSE."1. By it God's special providence was discovered, and His glory illustrated in the propagation of the gospel; for how could such a sufferer gain so general an opinion in the world of being the Lord of life and glory without God's miraculous aid?V. THE CROSS AS ITS FOUNTAIN.1. He was strengthened as man, by the angel, whom, as God, He created. For who can suffer as Christ suffered. The value of the compensation.4. Flavel. For information. "FOR THIS CAUSE."1. No slave could have any right as a citizen. Christ might have been man without humiliation: e.g., had He assumed the "glorious body" He now wears.3. It was the fitting crown of a life whose explanation was "My meat is to do the will," etc.III. It should breed a disregard for the world and its vanities, and reconcile us to even the worst condition? For who can suffer as Christ suffered. With this name there is comfort in the name of God; without it none at all.3. Vaughan, M. It grew with the growth of obligations.4. In the likeness of the infant He lay in the manger, of the boy He sat in the temple, of the man He walked the length and breadth of the land. The Cross is the great instrument in the acquirement of merit on two grounds. Human nature was not left in a state of neutrality, as if God should look upon it without wrath or favour, hut was again to become the subject of Divine complacency.III. But though thus many tongues, one confession that "Jesus Christ is Lord. (2) "Every knee" —(a) "Shall bow," for what better way to exalt Him than by our humility, who for His humility was exalted. From death. Unto humanity had been enough, to servitude were more. This obedience was the best part of His sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22; Matthew 26:39).3. He accordingly would be sued for mercy, nor would he grant it without compensation, and so did find us a Mediator and furnish us with means to satisfy Him.4. But as this contemplation doth breed sober humility, it should also preserve us from base abjectness of mind; for had not God esteemed us, He would not have debased Himself.6. If the Son could address the Father, and say, "Lo, I come," etc., we can conceive the human will of Christ in fulfilling the Father's will as resting on the Divine promise (Psalm 16:10, 11; Acts 1:4).II. WHEREFORE HE ENGAGED in this service.1. And He will not have us worship Him like elephants, as if we had no joints in our knees; He will have more honour of men than of pillars in the Church. THE HARMONIOUS ADJUSTMENT OF ITS TWO-FOLD OBLIGATIONS.1. The yoke He imposes on His disciples is His own — obedience.6. In it the activities of endurance were taxed to the utmost limit. (Bishop Andrewes.)HumilityJ. Him and others had it also (Hebrews 4:8; Haggai 1:1). Curse. (2) Your person is accepted. They had it of men, He of God. For information. Can we reflect on this event without detestation of sin, which brought such a death on the Redeemer.7. Who would say of any merely human being that he was "found in fashion as a man."2. (6) By faith and hearty acceptance of Christ, let us put in for a share of, and get an interest in Christ's blood (Romans 3:25; Hebrews 9:14).3. Simon was compelled to humble his neck under the Cross. 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