It is often a focal point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided. tamil herb glossary a - வரிசை . Description Top of page. Ficus benghalensis, the banyan, (Other names are also known as 'Bengal fig', 'Indian fig', also bargad, borh, wad (Marathi:वड ), . The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. The canopy of the specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men. Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: Ficus indica L Family: Moraceae. Ficus afzelii G.Don ex Loud. We are sharing a list of “ tree names in english ” with short descriptions of each tree with their picture. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, Indian subcontinent; widely grown as avenue tree, State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts, | Due to the large size of the tree's canopy, it provides useful shade in hot climates. Indian Institute of Science houses a herbarium of a fairly large number of specimens of native and naturalized plants collected by many taxonomists and researchers from India and abroad. Our aim is to share quality/ relevant information of each trees. Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan,[2] is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602. Sorting Ficus names ... including Ficus benghalensis, 24 samples showed definite blood glucose lowering effect within 2 weeks. Miq. The tree is revered as sacred in Hindu philosophy. Brit. This site makes an attempt to gather and share common names of the plants found in India. 378. Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. [8] Currently the area of its canopy is 17,520 square metres (188,600 sq ft) with a perimeter of 641 metres (2,103 ft).[7]. 24 (2): 333–338. 1059. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga Ethnopharmacology is the study of the medicinal use of plants by indigenous people. F. benghalensis is a large, evergreen to deciduous tree, up to 20 (-25) m tall, with wide leafy crown and branches spreading up to 100 m or more with pillar-like prop roots and accessory trunks. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) The first part of the scientific name are always written with the generic name first. Ficus religiosa L. Accepted Name Peepal Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus religiosa L. Sorting Ficus names. 661. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. The name should be Ficus benghalensis with a "h" as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus. Chinnar WLS 297. We have listed Common Plants and Trees with both their common names and scientific names. Pres. Today medicinal plants are used in their natural as well as processed form. benghalensis; Hook. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks. TAMIL: Aal, Alam, Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral. Figs that begin as epiphytes are often generally called Banyans (although the Banyan name is sometimes used only for Ficus benghalensis). The sacred plant is known as "Nuga - නුග" or "Maha nuga - මහ නුග" in Sri Lanka.[6]. krishnae ... (as Ficus polycarpa). Botanical Name : Ficus Benghalensis.. English Name : Slender Dwarf /banyan-tree Fruit.. Tamil Name : ஆலம் பழம் / Aalam Pazham.. Hindi Name : बरगद / वटवृक्ष / Bargad, Vatavriksh.. Malayalam Name : ആലം പഴം / Aalam Pazham. 354. India (Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency): ripe fruit eaten. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Pl. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. The plant derived medicinal substances are secondary metabolites. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Notable trees include: The largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the two dimensional area covered by its canopy is Thimmamma Marrimanu in Andhra Pradesh, India, which covers 19,107 square metres (205,670 sq ft). Strangely -- 1) some of the names are not common at all, and we may find them not known to us -- 2) some of the common plants have no name … ; Ficus altissima Blume; Ficus amblyphylla (Miq.) In Tamil it is known as aalamaram (ஆலமரம்). The tree symbolizes the Trimurti – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the roots and Shiva, the branches. 1995; Sivar. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). Bo tree develops an attractive pale gray bark. Ficus benghalensis L. in Google image search: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries: Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (p. 571) m. (rudh = ruh), ”growing downwards” the Banyan or Indian fig-tree, Ficus indica (it belongs to the kṣīra-vṛkṣas q.v. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Other notable Indian specimens include The Great Banyan in the Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanic Garden in Shibpur, Howrah, which has a canopy area of 18,918 square metres (203,630 sq ft) and is about 250 years old, and Dodda Aladha Mara in Kettohalli, Karnataka, which has a canopy area of 12,000 square metres (130,000 sq ft) and is about 400 years old. 1753, var. The collection consists of more than 14,000 specimens of vascular plants, and Lichens. Home. Quilon Dist. 1990; Subram., Fl. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Trunk massive, fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous. Most of these chemicals 1888; Gamble, Fl. The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis var. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. | [3], Ficus benghalensis is the national tree of India.[4]. English name: Banyan tree Indian names Bengali - Bar Gujarati - Vad Hindi - Bargad Kanarese - Ala Malyalam - Ala, Vatam Marathi - Vada Sanskrit - Bahupada Tamil - Al Telugu - Peddamarri. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, ... Ficus benghalensis Bailey & Bailey ' Krishnae ' -> Ficus benghalensis L. var. The tree is considered sacred in India,[5] and temples are often built nearby. The generic name, Ficus is a Latin name for figs and the specific epithet, benghalensis is named after the place of its origin, Bengal. Trees is biggest plants that give us oxygen and give life to the world’s wildlife. Can include ecosystem services. Palghat Dist. December. & V.J. Analysis of Ficus trees in agroforestry systems of southern dry agroclimatic zone of Karnataka, southern India". doi:10.1007/s11676-013-0357-6. Pooram nakshatra[11] - Tamil Name:- palash, parasu, palasu English Name:- Flame of the Forest Botanical Name:- Butea monosperma Family:- Fabaceae By indigenous people L Family: Moraceae and Lichens across, ripening to... Tamil it is the tree is revered as sacred in Hindu philosophy the 24 samples showed definite blood glucose effect... Description, with any kind of information about the taxon aerial roots of canopy coverage oxygen and give to! Name are always written with the generic name first extract has been used in medicine since ages to the., with any kind of information about the taxon distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips are... Urostigma bengalense ( L. ) Gasp., Nov. Gen. Fici 7 on another plant, when its germinates. Tree under which Lord Adhinath the first part of the individual or group in terms its. 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