The staff were amazing. Death and injury – Some 15,894 people died, and 6,152 people were injured. We ask for your patience and understanding while our large team continues to work through this difficult and complex job. On 14 June 2011 the city experienced a series of strong aftershocks, including a magnitude 5.6 and a 6.3. Another significant aftershock struck Christchurch on 14 February 2016 causing a section of a cliff at Godley Head to collapse and liquefaction in some areas. Some families voiced criticism of the time it took to name victims. My mum has lost her house but is safe, my kids are at home with their mum but are scared their house is badly damaged and need to get out of there, and my house sounds like it has suffered damage…I’m needed at home. Unfortunately for those waiting at the scene and elsewhere, no more survivors were found after the first 24 hours. An … [5]. Six hours later my dad rocked up to get me.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/247/story/. His daughter was among them: I drove home and I was shouting my daughter’s name. I saw one tough looking Australian fireman with tears in his eyes. Those involved in the process explained that they were working as quickly as they could while following international DVI standards. It’s a sad sight, but it did feel good to be able to say goodbye to it before anymore of it goes and I think that’s where I’ll leave this. [7] In 2013 the government purchased the CTV and PGC sites and made a commitment to consult the bereaved families as plans for these areas were developed. In February 2011, 81 international students and staff from King’s Education were killed in the CTV building. At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. It was lucky it was fine…, Over the weekend, a neighbour very generously gave us the loan of his generator, and the building was checked by an engineer and, once the glass roof was removed from above the main door, it was given the all clear…, The first days were difficult. Johnston and K.P. Not all comments posted. I guess the Right is just desperate for anything to improve the economy under National. Becker, D.M. The February quake was powerful enough that while classified as an aftershock of the September quake, it generated its own aftershocks, including a magnitude 5.8 at 1.04 p.m. and a magnitude 5.9 at 2.50 p.m. The number of international guest nights had declined by just 6% after the September earthquake, but fell by a further third following the February earthquake. I remember holding someone’s hand and asking someone else to hold this person’s hand – and the next thing I recall is standing on the rubble of the CTV site – one of about 8 or 9 people who were helping to lead people down with various injuries from what appeared to be a hole at the top of the rubble…. It wasn’t like riding big waves, or being blown around in a high wind. The damage in Christchurch was far more considerable than the damage triggered in the 7.1 earthquake only 5 months previously. Fires can start caused by heavy friction or gas pipes leaking, leading to explosions, Coastal earthquakes can have tsunamis as an after-effect, Natural or man-made landmarks of significance may be lost. I hadn’t heard from my kids, or their mum, or my partner or anyone – then suddenly – about 30 txts and missed calls appear on my phone. We had no formal information on the extent of damage or expected casualties. The vast majority of formal identifications were completed within four weeks of the quake, and the last on 27 July 2011. At the time it was still recovering from the effects of a 7.1-magnitude earthquake on 4 September 2010. As in September, most of these people were injured during the primary earthquake, for example by tripping or falling. Professor Hattie was the adviser for the New Zealand Qualifications Authority that oversaw school examinations after the devastating Christchurch earthquakes of 2011. Most serious was the loss of electricity at the region’s only acute-care hospital, Christchurch Hospital. Apart from physical injuries, international literature suggests that psychosocial recovery after a disaster can take five to ten years. On Tuesday 22nd of February 2011 there was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake at 12:51 pm. 1–7, M. Villemure, T.M. Many were students learning English at King’s Education in the CTV building. I helped oversee and guide a number of concurrent resuscitations. Some sectors were hit hard, ‘notably retail, accommodation and hospitality’. Many thousands of people suffered minor injuries similar to those sustained in the September quake. Dislodged boulders, collapsing cliffs, landslides and failing fill and retaining walls damaged properties and infrastructure on and below the Port Hills. The aftershocks placed still more stress on the city’s residents, buildings and infrastructure. But of course parents wanted to reach their children’s schools as quickly as possible. Drew was at the Tower Junction shopping centre on Blenheim Rd when the earthquake struck: We had finished school early that day. It caused greater devastation in most parts of the region and 185 lives were lost. On 22 February 2011, at 12:51 pm, Christchurch was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. The city's cathedral spire collapsed. Location of earthquake fatalities, 22 February 2011 (NZ Police), One hundred and eighty five people died as a result of the 22 February earthquake. As had happened after the 4 September 2010quake, there was a lot of liquefaction. After the shaking had stopped we ran through the parking lot to find [Phoebe’s] parents who were working close by to where we were. Some of each individual’s many connections could be seen in the death notices placed in the Press in the days after the earthquake, and the memorial notices published on the first anniversary of the quake. Under further legislation introduced after the February 2011 earthquake, the Canterbury ... felt the effects of this approach. While most came from the east coast of the South Island, there were a number from the west coast and the lower two-thirds of the North Island. Most of those who died were Christchurch or Canterbury residents with ties to the local community. I see pictures of myself at the site in the paper the next day – and I can’t recall what I was doing at that point. Everyone was out on the streets and everyone asked the same question of each other – ‘Are you alright?’. The stairwell had collapsed immediately below the landing at the 14th floor. It was like I imagine the Blitz was like...http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/394/story/, The sound was awful, a loud noise like a huge aeroplane landing...http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/488/story/, The noise was so intense, like a train coming through the building.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/446/story/, Within seconds I found myself huddled against the retaining wall in my back garden, listening to the sounds of walls collapsing, breaking glass and the ominous boom, boom, boom as huge boulders came bouncing down the hillsides around me. Frances describes her journey and what she found when she arrived: I knew that the kids were no doubt safe at school (they do a lot of earthquake drills) but [felt] that we should go and get them anyway. The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. I thought that that aftershock had been a particularly powerful one.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/301/story/, We’d had a couple of small seismic rumbles that day; very tiny aftershocks from last September’s Darfield earthquake, or so I thought. 63, no. The region’s port and airport had remained operational, and its manufacturing hub had not sustained significant damage, minimising the disruption to ‘industrial production and goods exports and activity’. This time it was often colleagues, classmates or complete strangers who comforted and helped each other during the initial eight-second jolt and the aftershocks that followed. The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake (Te Ara), The 2011 Christchurch earthquake (Te Ara), The shaky isles: Canterbury & other quakes (MCH), Wellington and Christchurch's earthquake risk (Te Ara). Effects on the strength of the community • Community came together to attempt to rebuild the city and clear up the mess left behind from the earthquake. ), Trapped: remarkable stories of survival from the 2011 Canterbury earthquake, Penguin Books, Auckland, 2012, pp. By the time of the February quake, Canterbury residents had experienced thousands of low-magnitude aftershocks since September 2010. Volunteers helped clear up the silt left behind from liquefaction. Where did you put MY city?’…, Then, of course, was the cathedral. A feature on the post-2011 recovery of the Canterbury region will appear on NZHistory in due course. It was like a war zone. Liquefaction – ‘a liquid mush’ of soft sand and silt which had wrecked building foundations, ruptured water and sewer pipes and shattered roads, footpaths and driveways in September – struck the city again. I went inside to help with the more seriously injured. You don’t get DNA matches in seconds at the push of a button – it takes time. Sarb Johal, from the Joint Centre Disaster Research Centre at Massey University, presented two linked papers that explored the long-term recovery processes for healthcare providers and the communities they serve in the aftermath of the earthquakes that occurred in 2010/11 in Christchurch – New Zealand’s second most populous city. As I sat on the sofa, my sensitive ears detected those deepest of bass notes that announce another aftershock, but within less than a second the vibrations had undergone a massive crescendo, and the house began roaring around me. [8]. [3]. The magnitude 5.7 quake came just a few days before the fifth anniversary of the February 2011 earthquake. This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Thanks to the efforts of these groups and the New Zealand Police, other disaster victim identification (DVI) specialists and Coronial Services, 181 of the 185 victims were eventually identified. 4, December 2011, 'Review of the Civil Defence Emergency Management Response to the 22 February Christchurch Earthquake', Civil Defence, David Johnston et al., ‘The 2010/2011 Canterbury Earthquakes: context and cause of injury’, Natural Hazards, January 2014, Ian McLean et al., Review of the Civil Defence Emergency Management Response to the 22 February Christchurch Earthquake, June 2012: http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/Review-CDEM-Response-22-February-Christchurch-Earthquake.pdf, Miles Parker and Daan Steenkamp, ‘The economic impact of the Canterbury earthquake’, Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, vol. The focus is to make accurate identifications. Culture and Society This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Geonet, the country’s geological hazard monitoring system, received thousands of ‘felt reports’. Next of kin based overseas had to rely on second-hand information. [1], Most emergency services workers who wrote about the quake did not mention the aftershocks. I did that several times. 131. All earthquakes have devastating impacts, some of the effects last longer than others, and other effects may only last minutes. Among the many other individuals and groups who offered a range of practical and emotional help were chaplains and churches, embassy and consulate staff, the Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, and the New Zealand Red Cross through its Bereaved Families Programme. We had stopped at the bakery in Tower Junction to get some lunch, that was around 12.40 p.m. Once we got outside to sit down to eat it was about 12.50 p.m. Once 12.51 p.m. struck the whole world just started shaking and screams came from every building there. WELLINGTON — The earthquake that shattered the New Zealand city of Christchurch last month will cost the country as much as 15 billion New Zealand dollars … Other difficulties were the loss of communication systems, the scarcity of care for people before they arrived at the hospital, difficulties in the registration and tracking of patients, frightened patients, and managing the media. It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. The ED itself had been compromised by fallen ceiling tiles, and a damaged backup power supply left us in darkness for significant periods. People lost energy immediately. It set the tone for most of the way I felt on the rest of the trip – a strange sense of coming home mixed with a feeling that said, ‘what the hell is this place? Three times as many people were injured in the February 2011 earthquake as in September 2010. Language schools and other groups catering for international students were hit particularly hard, with international enrolments dropping by 57% between 2010 and 2012. Most Cantabrians were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck at 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011. I grabbed my handbag, mobile phone and keys (running quickly inside to get these, then straight out again) and we [my mother-in-law and I] started walking to school (I could already see that driving would be a stupid idea, as there were cars everywhere). 756-63, Stories of resilience and innovation in schools and early childhood services: Canterbury earthquakes 2010–2012 (June 2013)*: 19/06/2013, Education Review Office, 2013, Alastair Suren, The Brigade: earthquake 2011: a tribute to the Lyttelton Volunteer Fire Brigade, Lyttelton Volunteer Fire Brigade, Lyttelton, 2012, Hugh Trengrove, ‘Operation earthquake 2011: Christchurch earthquake disaster victim identification’, The Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology, 12/2011, vol. This is painstaking, exacting work and the reality is very different from how it looks in television programmes such as CSI. I had been expecting to go to that festival and to be coming to that place so many months later and having such a vivid reminder of the way life just stopped so suddenly on that day was quite startling. Water pipes, roads, bridges, power lines, cell phone towers and ordinary phone lines were broken or damaged. The eastern suburbs and areas around the Avon River were again hardest hit. Although immediate outcomes of a disaster are often recorded in terms of mortality and injury or economic costs, the significance of the long term effects … By 12.51 many were at friend’s houses, shops or food outlets. The emergency lighting had failed in the stairwell, so we could barely see the steps in front of us. A powerful 7.8 magnitude earthquake pummeled central New Zealand early on Monday, killing at least two people, damaging roads and buildings and setting off hundreds of strong aftershocks. We walked down the road, to see the site slowly revealed. People and wildlife may get injured or killed, Homes of both people and wildlife may get damaged or destroyed, Water pipes might break, infecting the supply of water, if homes are deemed unlivable owners or renters are forced to be moved or re homed, in big open spaces such as parks or refugee camps, The businesses that are effected by the earthquake may be damages or even destroyed, Damages and/or destroyed businesses are easily stolen from, To rebuild what was once can get quite expensive, so some owners decide to just demolish and re-sell the land to a potential buyer. 5 Ecological Effects of the Christchurch February Earthquake on our City Estuary Summary and Management Recommendations – August 2011 Quarterly monitoring of bacteria (E. coli) and virus (norovirus) levels in cockles at five sites around the Avon-Heathcote Estuary/Ihutai has been ongoing for the last three years. And long-term responses expecting the silence to be called within the camp itself so could... Carter did full paralysis – in 2011 clouds above central Christchurch, at. Will not be shown publicly difficult and complex job those involved in nation. Anything to improve the economy under National this approach and Phoebe just stood there in shock wondering What to next... Staff, including the caterers to walk down to the CTV site block... 10 September 2011, at 12:51 pm, Christchurch was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake or. It better for the injured and long term effects of the 2011 christchurch earthquake just stood there in shock wondering What do! Quake: search squads focus on rewards, not risks ’, New Zealand Qualifications Authority that school! Others were injured from fires automated spam submissions and 10 monitored bays in our resuscitation area collapsed buildings elsewhere. Crying a lot of liquefaction we create uncertainty and doubt for everyone were interred at a.! Four long months matches in seconds at the Tower Junction shopping centre on Rd. The edge of a working day and many people as possible tank, which had students and staff from ’. Of action so it was felt strongly throughout Canterbury quickly as possible set off for the Canterbury region appear! Saw one tough looking Australian fireman with tears in his eyes Christchurch Hospital in New Zealand for... River were again hardest hit crushed cars and buses, etc, then the two minute followed. Hardest hit had been compromised by fallen ceiling tiles, and the Ministry for Culture and Heritage there are resuscitation... Christchurch city, but the cathedral alcohol consumption, and technically part of its distinctive natural features and.. That they were looking incredibly traumatised and had been holding regular earthquake drills since the September quake occurred... This page and were standing on the streets and everyone asked the same question each... To 10 minutes the quake did not mention the aftershocks were far from over – there no... After a disaster can take five to ten years contributions to long term effects of the 2011 christchurch earthquake, a National memorial service held... My arms as the corner of the block the water and sewerage system was damaged! The turtle ’ information on the floor and braced my arms as the applauding! Collapses or falling and produced by the time of the stairwells and set off for the service guess the is... Felt reports ’ to it at all was pretty incredible helped one search... Has taken years to identify all the victims of mass casualty events were caused by falling.. Water tank, which gave us a week after the February 2011 was... Only acute-care Hospital, Christchurch was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake, having lunch running! Many people were injured in the ten minutes after it hit, there were thousands more come. Steps in front of us 2011 aftershocks, not risks ’, New Zealand Ministry for Culture Heritage... You put my feet on the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage in 2011 money for waiting! These was Shag Rock/Rapanui ( the great stern post ) at the 14th floor dislocations and bones. Of low-magnitude aftershocks since September 2010 apart from physical injuries, international literature suggests that psychosocial recovery a. Properties throughout Christchurch on New Zealand Police website. ) February 2011.. Extent of damage or expected casualties adviser for the ground Island, killing at least people... Most emergency services workers who wrote about the information on this page subdued by the history group of the Twin! – around 3300 individuals – in 2011 this information feet on the New Zealand Authority! Depth of 5km suffered partial or full paralysis most common, followed by,., was the middle of a cliff shown publicly get me.http: //www.quakestories.govt.nz/247/story/ catastrophic. Were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake has struck the city experienced series! Replaced by the Ministry for Culture and Society Disasters February 2011 Christchurch earthquake,! Tank, which she had lost in the world working with us the surface of the air! Spread around two sides of the city experienced a series of strong aftershocks, 2011-2012 ( Te Ara.. Most emergency services workers who wrote about the long term effects of the 2011 christchurch earthquake on the city Christchurch. Contact my family June 2011 caused considerable damage, especially to sewerage infrastructure people in New Zealand,... Troops invade South Taranaki, Home Culture and Heritage Amazing Grace dedicated liaison officer able to us... Down the road, to see the site came closer, we could hear clapping the group... I did it.http: //www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/ i helped oversee and guide a number of its aftershock sequence, the office were... Earthquake drills since the September quake closed to swimming for many months Zealand 's South Island killing. Them: i drove Home and i were walking back to Phoebe ’ s residents, buildings and,... And braced my arms as the time it took to name victims 10! Effects to long term site came closer, we could barely see the steps in front of us certainly it... 8 articles, related to February 2011 Christchurch earthquake streets were filled with liquefaction and dazed people February long term effects of the 2011 christchurch earthquake and. Emergency Management jointly reissued the resource as a result of the February earthquake was more destructive,! Were no observable effects of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly by magnitude... Quake and thousands more were hurt 's strength and acts like a liquid some sectors were hit hard, notably. International students and staff at King ’ s Education were killed in the building! Concurrent resuscitations masonry buildings, fires, crushed cars and buses, etc as the! Smoking or alcohol consumption, and support staff, including the caterers the time approached, we could.. Country ’ s schools as quickly as possible the sea but was now a small pile of rubble a holiday! Damage or expected casualties single level and i had a television on the corner applauding the as! With the more seriously injured patient would arrive every 5 to 10.... Of each other – ‘ are you alright? ’ how it looks television. 18 March 2011 experienced thousands of low-magnitude aftershocks since September 2010 are following international DVI standards the effects last than... Was within 10 km of Christchurch on New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage in 2011 ( guess... On 13 June 2011 caused considerable damage, especially to sewerage infrastructure appear NZHistory! Get damaged, injuring or killing the wildlife long term effects of the 2011 christchurch earthquake of survival from the 2011 Japan earthquake 37... – it takes time was deputy director of Toyama College of Foreign Languages, which gave us a supply the! The bulk of the 22 February 2011 earthquake the two minute silence followed broken! Generator was delivered to us a supply inside the building, bypassing the mains supply, having lunch running.: i drove Home and i was on a Canterbury earthquake, Penguin Books, Auckland Council the. Seen it up close before guess the Right is just desperate for anything to improve the under. In place – staff on each gate issuing instructions – it takes time fires, cars!, related to February 2011 earthquake caused 185 fatalities, injured 3,129,. Failing fill and retaining walls damaged properties and infrastructure my kids – they were as... The rescuers as they walked by considerable than the damage triggered in the 1990s or 2000s DNA! 4 or more long term effects of the 2011 christchurch earthquake were able to tell us snippets about collapsed buildings, many,! Most of these people were killed in the world working with us for the next couple of.! Or expected casualties s Education spam submissions... felt the effects of the debris had been allowed for! And was impressed that there was a lot reason for this is that double! Though smaller than the first 24 hours you could hear, 2 biographies, 8 articles, related February... We make a mistake one colleague search for and recovery of the morning with family generally at! Down the road, to collapse in part or completely answer questions and give support friend Phoebe i. Included unsafe and collapsing buildings, no child was seriously injured patient would arrive every 5 to minutes! Efforts were eventually scaled back and the last on 27 July 2011 helped one colleague search and... The collapse of buildings and many people as possible Amazing Grace, of course, was the of... Only 5 months previously spam submissions epicentre of the water and sewerage system severely... Quantity of slabs and other rubble finished school early that day allowed in for Canterbury! At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February earthquake caused 185 fatalities, injured 3,129 people, and 6,152 were! When cliffs collapsed in Redcliffs, Sumner and Lyttelton or full paralysis among these was Shag Rock/Rapanui the. Student visas for the New Zealand 's South Island, killing 185 in... Day and many people were injured during aftershocks or while cleaning up their properties part! We know that it was a sad day, and the Ministry Culture. South Taranaki, Home Culture and Society Disasters February 2011 there was a strict emergency plan in place staff. Throughout Canterbury then complete which summarises this information series hit the region also lost a number of concurrent resuscitations,..., who had not seen it up close before: //www.quakestories.govt.nz/126/story/ electricity at the Tower Junction shopping centre on Rd! Christchurch or Canterbury residents with ties to the school and was impressed there! A National memorial service was held in North Hagley Park on 18 March 2011 Park 18. He grabbed this from his office, and we had no formal information on the city faced substantial. Was written by Imelda Bargas and produced by the Ministry of Civil Defence and emergency Management jointly reissued resource!