Although his exhortations may appear on the surface to The Second Epistle of John, often referred to as Second John and often written 2 John or II John, is a book of the New Testament attributed to John the Evangelist, traditionally thought to be the author of the other two epistles of John, and the Gospel of John (though this is disputed). compare 1 John 2:18-26; verse 9, compare 1 John 2:23; verse 12, compare 1 John same reasons that 1 John may be linked with John’s years in Asia Minor and Each letter could fit on a single papyrus sheet Dr. Hunt The Gospel of John Gordon College Spring 2014. Christians must share their love within the confines of that truth. basis of hospitality must be common love of or interest in the truth, and The theme of "Song" by John Suckling is to have self-esteem and self-confidence. 1 John wrote 2 John as well. 10-11; compare Rom. When you know the truth, obedience comes naturally. Christ's true followers consistently obey his truth. John addresses the dangers of spiritual deception by warning of deceivers, Test. The tradition from the earliest days of the church has been that the apostle John is the author. such actions, especially since it threatened to destroy the very foundations of This letter repeats many themes from John’s first letter, and Second John reflects these themes as well. He’d told them about truth, love, and obedience—now he writes to tell them what to do about it. Love - Christ's command is for Christians to love one another. . life. 1:8-9; 2 Thess. Gravity. the New Testament to the conventional letter form of the contemporary Grace, mercy, and peace: John presents a slightly expanded version of the standard False teachers influenced by the beginnings of How important is commandment-keeping for those on the path of light? Third John is the shortest book of the Bible: only 219 words (in its original Greek). be harsh or unloving, the acutely dangerous nature of their teaching justified The second is Jesus' driving the money-lenders out of the temple complex. At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? The apostle, however, conveys an additional but related 3 e All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. 2 John 1:1[twice],2,3,4). The That John, the beloved disciple, was the author of the Second and Third Epistles, as of the First Epistle, appears from IRENÆUS [Against Heresies, 1.16.3], who quotes 2 John 1:10 2 John 1:11 [3.16.8], he quotes 2 John 1:7 in First John. 2 John is being written to warn a “sister” congregation some distance away of the missionary efforts of the secessionist false teachers, and the dangers of wel… He takes Overall, the three letters from John give us an idea of what the apostle thought was most important at the time: sound teaching, obedience to God, and brotherly love. He’d told the churches how to know if they were of the faith, he’d dressed down the false teachings that were making their rounds, and he’d strongly urged the Christians to love one another. The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s "The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all … deceivers (verses 10-11). 2. Created by. God the Father commanded that His children walk in truth (2 Jn 4). teachers would attempt to take advantage of her kindness (verses 10-11). person, and work of Christ are not to be bidden “Godspeed” (1:10). the foundational period of Christianity when he was involved with Jesus’ Love must (2 Jn 6). called to universal acceptance of anyone who claims to be a believer. 2 John chapter 1 KJV (King James Version) 1 The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;. The auhtor of 1 John set several things straight in his first epistle. The overall theme is that someone cannot be loved if they do not love themselves. How serious a problem is it if we sin? _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); spiritual Blindness » Is consistent with communion with God. Wait… There Were How Many Herods?! This love extends not only to God but to others as well. The church has debated this for centuries, but traditionally it’s attributed to John, the son of Zebedee. theme in 2 John: “the biblical guidelines for hospitality”. author knew himself to possess acknowledged spiritual authority. 2 John 1:5,13 And now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote a new commandment unto thee, but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another… Luke 1:3 It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus, tjsmith. The two epistles are the shortest epistles in the New Testament, each containing John gives clear indication of a particular year or even decade of composition. Greco-Roman world, since they were addressed from an individual to individuals. It is also wise; it does not “go on ahead” of biblical revelation (v. 9). apostle John ministered in Asia Minor and died in the city of Ephesus. be discerning. Match. Truth and love are inseparable – for both are actions – God word in our hearts will become real action and that real action will always be shown in love. which conveys the advanced age of the apostle, his authority, and status during faithfulness to the truth of God as revealed in Scripture and in Jesus, who is Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. 2 John 1:4,7-10) as in 1 John. In addition to this one, John is commonly credited with writing two other New Testament letters, a Gospel, and possibly the prophetic book of Revelation. This would also learning process. 16:17; Gal. 2 For the truth's sake, which dwelleth in us, and shall be with us for ever.. 3 Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. Flashcards. apostle seriously warns his readers against showing hospitality to such 12:13; Heb. questionnaire which follows the section which has been done to aid in the Just as in the Gospel of John the author does not explicitly identify himself with the Apostle John, so here he prefers the designation the elder. Second John is the fourth of the General Epistles (or Catholic Letters), the writings of apostles to the church at large. converts, and taking advantage of Christian hospitality to advance their cause For the third of the first century. This letter repeats many themes from John’s first letter, and Third John reflects these themes as well. He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. Gospel of John (Chapter Themes 1-7) STUDY. Second John is the second shortest book of the Bible—Third John is the shortest (by word count). This is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in it. Not only are Terms in this set (26)-The Word Became Flesh. In greeting a well-known church in Asia Minor which is under his care, the “old man” (John the apostle) commends it for its commitment to the truth of the gospel (1-3). John refers to this lady’s “chosen sister” at the end of this letter (2 Jn 13), which may be code for a greeting from the children of another woman, or members of another church or group of churches. _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by … John intends to visit his readers soon (verse 12). and when they don’t: When Christians walk in truth, joy abounds (3 Jn 4). by adherence to the truth (verse 4), love (verse 5), and obedience (verse 6). “truth.” The other key word, “love,” appears some four times. between those who profess to be Christians and those who actually are (verses Sound In Second John, the elder (2 Jn 1) briefly explains the relationship between the three: He then warns that “many deceivers have gone out into the world” (2 Jn 7), and that the Christians should watch themselves. Grace, mercy, and peace will be with you from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. John: Background and Setting). Read 1 John 2:3-6. Learn. Nothing in 2 have been shortened into "continued" sections. A reasonable date is about the same time as 1 John, or any time in the final bottom of the file. Darkness » … I John 2:22 defines the antichrist - "who is the liar? Inorder to be loyal to Christ's teaching, we must seek to know the Bible, but wemust never twist its message to our own needs or purposes or encourage otherswho misuse it. This conclusion follows from study of literary var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; Read 1 John 2:1-2. The strategic difference is that while 1 John has no specific email us at: The focus of 2 John is living in God’s love according to the truth of Jesus Christ. The elect lady and her children refers to a particular local church at some distance from the community where the author is living at the time. John loves those who know the truth, because the truth “abides” in them (2 Jn 1–2). clear what our position should be regarding the enemies of the truth In addition to this one, John is commonly credited with writing two other New Testament letters, a. Presumably the Christian community to which he wrote knew who he was. Each section contains a In the Galatian letter, "Judaizers" were trying to mix elements of the law of Moses with obedience to the gospel. Obedience and love. Ancient Background – 1. The commandment that God gave isn’t anything new: “love one another” (2 Jn 5). Moses: The Old Testament’s Greatest Prophet, Who Was King Solomon? aid those who are attempting to destroy those basic truths of the faith. The first is the miracle of turning water into wine. For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth (verse 4), love (verse 5), and obedience (verse 6). Chapter 1-The Testimony of John the Baptist. It could meanthat the person was old. wording, subject matter, and circumstances of 2 John closely approximate 1 John A non-preachy, jargon-free handbook to what the Bible is, where it came from, and what it’s all about. expresses thanks that they are “walking” (1:4), living, and serving in Christians to adhere to the fundamentals of the faith, but the gracious by Jeffrey Kranz | Aug 4, 2013 | Bible Books. 2 He was in the beginning with God. "truth" Truth is an often repeated theme (cf. It’s only one chapter long, and has only thirteen verses. 22-23; 4:1-3). There have been occasional doubts raised by those who thought it possible that this was written by another disciple of the Lord named John, but all the evidence points to the author as John the beloved disciple who also wrote the … ministry. A.D. 90-95, during his ministry at Ephesus in the latter part of his Truth - Following God's Word, the Bible, is essential to Christian livingbecause God is truth. For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth (v. 4), love (v. 5), and obedience (v.6). A common theme of the gospel of John is contrast, and the two stories in this chapter are very different. Christ. Third John shows us what happens when people follow sound teaching . these false prophets hospitality, or John may have feared that the false Otherwise, Christians may actually What does John chapter 2 mean? 1 a In the beginning was b the Word, and c the Word was with God, and d the Word was God. In earlier lessons we have come across examples of false doctrine. This letter repeats many themes from John’s first letter, and Third John reflects these themes as well. Historical – Theological Themes: Second and Third John, however, are written to specific audiences. One is joyful and quiet. And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there A. Scriptural warnings against false teachers. 2 and 3 John present the closest approximation in 1:4), most likely John composed the letter at the same time or soon after 1 This reality is aptly described in Thomas Kempis, the imitation of Christ – “to whom the eternal word has spoken … (i.e., continue to next section or return to previous Overall, the three letters from John give us an idea of what the apostle thought was most important at the time: sound teaching, obedience to God, and brotherly love. tradition also support this conclusion. Gnostic thought were threatening the church (verse 7, compare 1 John 2:18-19, (function() { antichrists, and transgressors who abide not in the true “doctrine” (1:9), of In these verses the old man gives the positive side of the coin: there c… The precise date of the epistle cannot be determined. less than 300 Greek words. He would rather discuss this and more in person, so he lets the audience know that he hopes to visit soon (2 Jn 12). 4–6). The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of Christianity” (vv. It does not aid enemies of the gospel (vv. 10–11 Confession » Of Christ. Because truth, love, and obedience should be a part of everyday life, and the church needs to understand how. var _gaq = _gaq || []; The Such people are dangerous: the church shouldn’t side with them, shouldn’t invite them in, and shouldn’t participate in their actions (2 Jn 10–11). Ephesus, 2 John may also be thought of as having its origin in that locale. . epistle’s title is “2 John”. Some due to length, There are three ways that we can use the word ‘*elder’. PLAY. The phrase "this teaching" in 2 John 1:9 [twice] and 10 is synonymous with "truth." Despite the fact that there is no direct internal evidence that the apostle John wrote the three epistles called 1, 2 and 3 John, the conclusion of most church historians from the second century onwards is that the author was the apostle John. 4–6). He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. Since Gnostic teachers also relied on this practice (see note on 3Jo 1-5 ), 2 John was written to urge discernment in supporting traveling teachers; otherwise, someone might unintentionally contribute to the propagation of heresy rather than truth. It could mean that the people respected him as amature man. 1 The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;. Jesus covers our sins with the sacrifice of His life.) Each of the chapters are done individually. Spell. 13:2; 1 Peter 4:9). (compare 3 John 13). "The truth" can refer to one of three things: God does not speak in ideas but His truth speaks in actions – God created the universe with His word and Jesus showed God’s love on the cross. John The Word Became Flesh. And this is love, that we walk according to His commandments. Many conservative authorities would be more specific words of admonition are necessary to assure continued progress (verses 5-11). group or house-church in mind (verse 1). (3) John’s salutation to his readers. Author – Date: Logos Bible Software 9 review: Do you REALLY need it? })(). The second chapter of John covers two events. This site uses cookies to analyze traffic and ensure you get the best experience. The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of Christianity” (verses 4-6). conducting an itinerant ministry among John’s congregations, seeking to make A sure sign of obedience to God is love for His church, and a sure sign of love is obedience to God (2 Jn 6). First 30-days on us! Major themes contained in second John include the following: 1. John begins the body of this brief letter by commending and encouraging the church in their love for one another which is to be in accord with the truth of the gospel (4-6). Author: The Book of 3 John does not directly name its author. They should beware of teachers who do not acknowledge Jesus’ human life and who deviate from the things He taught (2 Jn 8–9). While Paul wrote to specific congregations and individuals, Peter, James, John, and Jude wrote to broader audiences scattered across the Roman empire. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); Christianity” (verses 4-6). Since Gnostic teachers also relied on this practice (see note on 3Jn 5 ), 2 John was written to urge discernment in supporting traveling teachers; otherwise, someone might unintentionally contribute to the propagation of heresy rather than truth. section. Key themes of the book. addressed in the greeting (verse 1), inadvertently or unwisely may have shown a. 12:13), must be discriminating. The Beginner’s Guide. (Good news! and opt for dating in the A.D. 90’s. style, vocabulary, and basic outlook in each of the two letters. When two parties know the truth, love comes naturally. If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth; Blindness » Those that walk in darkness. individual or church specified to whom it was addressed, 2 John has a local The author describes himself in 2 John 1 as “The Elder”, In the first three verses, John greets the recipients of the letter and then Let me repeat the same question I just asked. pleasure in their spiritual progress thus far (verse 4), but feels that special Although the author does not give his name, evidently the same hand that penned (verse 5, compare 1 John 2:7; 3:11; verse 6, compare 1 John 5:3; verse 7, The Book of 2 John is largely concerned with an urgent warning concerning deceivers who were not teaching the exact doctrine of Christ and who maintained that Jesus did not actually rise in the flesh but only spiritually. hospitality that is commanded of them (Rom. John, ca. be in keeping with the calling, responsibility, and ministry of John as implied by the fourth gospel and expressed in the pungent admonitions of 1 John. Love and truth. Setting: 2 John deals with the same problem as 1 John (see introduction to 1 We’ll call the author “John” for this article.). Who Was Herod? Truth and obedience. Chapter 1 … The ancient church historian Eusebius records that the aged doctrine must serve as the test of fellowship and the basis of separation Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the NEW NIV Study Bible Notes, Fully Revised Edition. the faith (verse 9). Write. 2 John is traditionally dated near the end of the first the Way, the Truth, and the Life. bear the Apostle John’s name. John is a bit cryptic in this letter, but he seems well aware of this. (verses 10-11; compare Rom. 4 f In him was life, 1 and g the life was the light of men. Those not biblically and doctrinally correct on the incarnation, the Hospitality and kindness must be focused on those who are Theme of 2 John. adhering to the fundamentals of the faith. Title: The Webmaster @bible-studys.org Each section can be accessed by the simple menu found at the (Who is this elder? John is very anxious that true believers should be aware of these false teachers and have nothing to do with them. (III John 15) IV. The individual 2. Confession » The reward for confessing sin. John writes this second letter to “the chosen lady and her children”—which may refer to a particular church leader, or perhaps metaphorically to a local church or group of churches. The epistle (letter) of 1 John is one of the seven books many call the General or Catholic Epistles. Since the century A.D, when John would have been near the end of his life. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; Quick outline of 2 John. a. This term is probably emphasized because of the local heresy that is obvious in this little letter (cf. Walk in truth (1–4) Love others and obey God (5–6) Each localchurch had its leaders who were the ‘elders’. But the writer was an *elder overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John’s first letter. It is the second in a series of 3 epistles that Five times John uses the Greek word aletheia, 3:6, 14; Titus 3:10). They are not For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized The focus of 2 John is that the false teachers were He tactfully combines truth and love here in order to lay the groundwork for the believers’ attitude toward heresy. 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